International

Eid Under the Taliban Shows a Changed Afghanistan


KABUL, Afghanistan — 1000’s of Afghans had piled into buses and set out down the nation’s as soon as perilous highways certain for kin they’d not seen in years. Afghanistan’s solely nationwide park was full of vacationers who had solely dreamed of touring to its intensely blue lakes and jagged mountains when preventing raged throughout the nation.

And Zulhijjah Mirzadah, a mom of 5, packed a small picnic of dried fruit, gathered her household in a minibus and wove for 2 hours by way of the congested streets of the capital, Kabul, to a bustling amusement park.

From the doorway, she might hear the low whoosh of a curler coaster and the refrain of joyous screams from Afghans inside celebrating Eid al-Fitr, the vacation marking the tip of the holy month of Ramadan. However she couldn’t go additional. Ladies, she was instructed on the gate, had been barred by the Taliban from getting into the park on Eid.

“We’re going through financial issues, issues are costly, we are able to’t discover work, our daughters can’t go to high school — however we hoped to have a picnic within the park as we speak,” mentioned Ms. Mirzadah, 25.

As Afghans endured the fixed and random violence of the final twenty years of warfare, many held hopes that when peace lastly got here to the nation, Eid al-Fitr can be its high-water mark, a day the place households lengthy separated by preventing would lastly have the ability to have fun collectively.

Now that warfare is over. Folks can journey freely down highways devoid of gunfire, roadside bombs and makes an attempt at extortion. The terrifying drone of warplanes overhead is lengthy gone. However for a lot of, the vacation that started final Sunday in Afghanistan served as a reminder of the dissonance between the promise of peace many Afghans had imagined and the realities of the tip of the warfare.

A crippling financial disaster that has slashed incomes and despatched the costs of primary items hovering compelled many households to forgo for the primary time the Eid traditions of latest garments or dried fruit. Mosques had been emptier than ordinary after a current string of explosions stoked fears of the return of terrorist assaults.

And many ladies in city areas, who’ve been devastated by the Taliban authorities’s restrictions, discovered little purpose to have fun. On Saturday, the Taliban decreed that Afghan ladies should cowl themselves from head to toe, increasing a collection of onerous restrictions on ladies that dictate practically each facet of public life.

“To be trustworthy, we don’t have Eid this 12 months,” mentioned Ms. Mirzadah, who had spent the afternoon along with her household sitting throughout the road from the park on a slender strip of grass.

Most individuals in Kabul discovered that the Taliban had introduced the beginning of the vacation after a roar of celebratory gunfire thundered throughout the town final Saturday night time. Afghanistan was the primary Muslim nation to formally declare a sighting of a full crescent moon, kicking off the beginning of the vacation.

The next morning, a whole lot of males with prayer rugs tucked below their arms filed into the Sher Shah Suri Mosque, a big Sunni mosque within the west of Kabul. Throughout the courtyard, they laid out the rugs within the shade of twisted tree branches whereas armed Taliban intelligence brokers clad in camouflage pants and bulletproof vests patrolled the mosque’s grounds for threats — a stark reminder of the specter of violence that persists regardless of the tip of 20 years of warfare.

Within the two weeks main as much as the beginning of Eid this 12 months, a bloody spate of terrorist assaults on mosques, colleges and public gatherings killed not less than 100 individuals, principally Afghan Shiites, and stirred fears that the big prayers on the primary day of Eid can be the following goal.

On the Seyyed Abad Mosque, the most important Shiite mosque within the metropolis of Kunduz within the nation’s north, solely round 50 worshipers arrived for prayers on Sunday morning — in comparison with 400 to 500 individuals in earlier years, attendees mentioned. Many individuals, fearful of one other blast, steered away from the mosque altogether. However a lot of those that attended had been motivated by a special worry: disobeying the Taliban authorities’s declaration that Eid started on Sunday.

Many Afghan Shiites forged doubt over the date — a day earlier than Saudi Arabia and two days earlier than Iran, a Shiite theocracy. However anxious about repercussions from the Taliban — which have employed police-state ways to take care of order since seizing energy — many attended Eid prayers on Sunday, whilst they continued their daylong Ramadan quick and avoided celebrating of their properties.

“The Taliban didn’t threaten us that we should pray, however as quickly as they got here and instructed us that Eid prayers would start on Sunday, and that they’d come to offer safety on the mosque, nobody dared to inform them that we didn’t imagine Eid had begun” mentioned Mansoor, 33, a resident of Kunduz who most popular to make use of solely his first title for worry of repercussions.

However for Taliban troopers and law enforcement officials, the vacation provided a second of reflection on the wrestle that introduced them again to energy, and the lives they’ve established for themselves since.

Within the car parking zone of 1 police station in Kabul, a gaggle of Taliban policemen arrived in a darkish inexperienced pick-up truck, weapons slung over their shoulder. Handcuffs dangled off the wrist of 1 police officer like a big bracelet, whereas one other held to his nostril a pink flower plucked from a median within the street.

Mohibullah Mushfiq, 26, had spent each Eid in mountainsides and dusty villages away from his kin since he joined the Taliban at 15 years previous. However after the Taliban seized energy, he moved his household from their village within the east to a third-floor house in Kabul.

On the primary morning of Eid this 12 months, he shared sweets together with his four-year-old son and two-year-old daughter, each bouncing with pleasure on the prospect of spending the vacation within the large metropolis. He welcomed his authorities’s announcement concerning the begin of Eid with delight.

“It reveals our unity, our place within the Islamic custom — they introduced Eid and everybody needed to settle for that,” he mentioned.

Close by within the car parking zone, Ubaidullah Edris, 21, talked quietly into his telephone. On the opposite finish of the road, his mom pleaded with him to come back dwelling to their village in Wardak, a mountainous province southwest of Kabul, to have fun Eid.

Chatting with her made him homesick, he mentioned. His total life, Mr. Edris had spent Eid in his village, trekking up a mountainside to roast a goat or sheep together with his buddies. However, after hanging up the telephone, his nostalgia for dwelling was shortly changed by the sense of obligation he felt staying in Kabul on patrol.

“I miss my kin, however I’m completely satisfied to be right here serving the individuals, offering safety — this was my large ambition,” he mentioned.

Throughout the nation, some Afghans took benefit of the relative safety the Taliban has been in a position to present for Eid celebrations. A whole bunch of home vacationers flocked from across the nation to Bamiyan, a province in central Afghanistan identified for its pure magnificence and historical ruins, in line with resort house owners and journey brokers.

Parwin Sadat, 32, a private-school trainer, made a 27-hour trek to Bamiyan along with her husband and six-year-old youngster from the western metropolis of Herat — a visit that may have been all however unattainable throughout the warfare, when preventing alongside highways made cities islands of their very own. Visiting Bamiyan left Ms. Sadat awe-struck, she mentioned.

“I didn’t know that our nation has such vacationer locations, historic locations and a lot magnificence,” she mentioned.

However for a lot of Afghans who’ve been crushed by the country’s economic collapse because the Taliban toppled the Western-backed authorities, the liberty of journey and luxurious of celebratory outings remained out of attain.

Metropolis Park, the amusement park in Kabul, and the town’s zoo, had lower than half of the variety of guests that sometimes come every Eid, in line with park managers. The low turnout was a mirrored image of each the nation’s financial downturn and the Taliban’s edict barring ladies from visiting on Eid — the most recent in a rising roster of restrictions on ladies in public areas.

In a modest home tucked into one in all Kabul’s many hillsides, Zhilla, 18, gathered with kin at her aunt’s home on the second day of Eid. Her younger cousins and siblings chased one another within the small courtyard. Inside, Zhilla marveled over her new cousin, simply six days previous, sleeping peacefully in her mom’s lap.

“The newborn is aware of we’ve been by way of loads, she must behave for us,” Zhilla joked.

The earlier 12 months, she and her kin had gathered by the town’s Qargha reservoir for a picnic by the river, as girls and boys rode bicycles alongside its banks and took boats out on the water — a reminiscence that appears like a lifetime in the past, she mentioned.

“This Eid is identical as another day — we can not exit, we can’t be free,” she mentioned.

Najim Rahim contributed reporting from Houston.



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